Estilo directo e indirecto

1 Direct speech / Estilo directo

Utilizamos el estilo directo cuando reproducimos exactamente lo que otra persona ha dicho. La frase que ha dicho la persona se coloca entre comillas ("...").

Ejemplo:

My brother said "I'm going on holiday".

"I love cooking", John said.

2Reported speech / Estilo indirecto

En el estilo indirecto se dice lo que una tercera ha dicho a través de:

pasado del verbo 'say' + (that) + clause
pasado del verbo 'tell' + object pronoun + that + clause

En el estilo indirecto, los tiempos verbales se modifican:

Verb tenseDirect speechReported speech
Present simple Past simpleWe play the guitarWe said (that) we played the guitar
Present continuous Past continuousWe are playing the guitarWe told him (that) we were playing the guitar
Simple past Past perfect /Simple past(*No change)We played the guitarWe said (that) we played the guitar / We said (that) we had played the guitar
Past continuous Past perfect continuousWe were playing the guitarWe told him (that) we had been playing the guitar
Present perfect Past perfectWe have played the guitarWe said that we had played the guitar
Present perfect continuous Past perfect continuousWe have been playing the guitarWe said that we had been playing the guitar
Past perfect Past perfect (*No change)We had played the guitarWe said (that) we had played the guitar
Past perfect continuous Past perfect continuous (*No change)We had been playing the guitarWe said (that) we had been playing the guitar

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Rodriguo

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