Condicional perfecto

Los principales usos del condicional perfecto o compuesto son:

 1   Para formar las oraciones condicionales irreales o imposibles o de tipo 3 (el verbo de la oración subordinada irá en 'past perfect').

I would have passed the exam if I had studied.

Habría aprobado el exámen si hubiera estudiado.

It would have been nice if he had phoned you.

Habría estado bien si te hubiera telefoneado

 2   Para expresar probabilidad, posibilidad, opiniones, conjeturas en el pasado.

I would have gone (but they didn´t ask me)

Habría ido (pero no me lo pidieron).

It would have been good to study Chinese.

Habría sido bueno estudiar chino.

 3  Para hablar del futuro de algo pasado (pasado del futuro perfecto)

They thought that he would have finished the lesson before 10 o´clock.

Pensaron que habría terminado la lección antes de las 10 en punto.

Formación

Afirmativo

Sujeto + should/would + have + past participle del verbo + ...

Para la primera persona del singular y plural se utilizan indistintamente "should" y "would" aunque la tendencia es a usar "would" para todas las personas.

En inglés americano normalmente no se usa "should".

En las formas afirmativas contraídas esta distinción no se nota ya que sólo queda la -d final.

Ejemplo:

Forma largaForma corta
I should/would have workedI'd have worked
You would have workedYou'd have worked
He would have workedHe´d have worked
She would have workedShe´d have worked
It would have workedIt'd have worked
We should/would have workedWe'd have worked
You would have workedYou'd have worked
They would have workedThey'd have worked

Negativo

 

Forma largaSujeto + should /would + not + have + past participle del verbo + ...
Forma cortaSujeto + shouldn´t/ wouldn´t + have + past participle del verbo + ...
Forma largaForma corta
I should/would not have workedI shouldn´t/wouldn´t have worked
You would not have workedYou wouldn´t have worked
He would not have workedHe wouldn´t have worked
She would not have workedShe wouldn´t have worked
It would not have workedIt wouldn´t have worked
We should/would not have worked We shouldn´t/ wouldn´t have worked
You would not have workedYou wouldn´t have worked
They would not have workedThey wouldn´t have worked

Interrogativo

Afirmativo

Should/Would + sujeto + have + past participle del verbo + ... ?

Negativo

Should/Would + sujeto + not + have + past participle del verbo + ... ?

Shouldn´t/Wouldn´t + sujeto + have + past participle del verbo + ... ?

Ejemplo:

AfirmativoNegativo
Should/Would I have worked...?
Should/Would I not have worked...?
Shouldn´t/Wouldn´t I have worked...?
Would you have worked...?Would you not have worked...?Wouldn´t you have worked...?
Would he have worked...?Would he not have worked...?Wouldn´t he have worked...?
Would she have worked...?Would she not have worked...?Wouldn´t she have worked...?
Would it have worked...?Would it not have worked...?Wouldn´t it have worked...?
Should/Would we have worked...?Should/Would we not haveworked...?Shouldn´t/Wouldn´t we have worked...?
Would you have worked...?Would you not have worked...?Wouldn´t you have worked...?
Would they have worked...?Would they not have worked...?Wouldn´t they have worked...?

Ejercicios

Escribe los verbos marcados en verde en la forma correspondiente para crear oraciones con el condicional continuo.

1 I go it if I had known you were coming.

I would have gone it if I had known you were coming.

2 If you hadn't studied, you not pass the exam.

If you hadn't studied, you wouldn't have passed the exam.

3 She eat more cake if she wasn't on diet.

She would have eaten more cake if she wasn't on diet.

4 Tom not come today.

Tom wouldn't have come today.

5 My mother cry if she had known it.

My mother would have cried if she had known it.

6 If they hadn't made an effort, they not buy that flat.

If they hadn't made an effort, they would have bought that flat.

7 I clean the house if you tell me.

I would have cleaned the house if you had told me.

8 You not do the dishes even if I ask you.

You wouldn't have done the dishes even if I had asked you.

9 If I not have money, I not buy that clothes.

If I wouldn't have had money, I hadn't bought that clothes.

10 Who not ride the bike in that contest?

Who wouldn't have riden the bike in that contest?

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