Be going to

 

El verbo "to be going to" equivale a "ir a hacer algo". Su estructura en la oración es:

El verbo que se conjuga es "to be" y tiene que concordar en tiempo y persona con el sujeto.

 

To be + going + to + Verbo (en infinitivo)

 

She is going to do the shopping.

Ella va a hacer las compras.

 

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Usos de "to be going to"

 

 1  Se usa el futuro con "be going to" para expresar acciones futuras ya planeadas (pero que no forman parte de un programa establecido).

 

I am going to buy a new house.

Voy a comprarme una casa nueva (tengo la intención de hacerlo).

 

The movie will start at 10 o'clock.

La peli empezará a las 10 (está programado).

 

 2  Con "be going to" se indica sobre todo la intención de hacer algo en un futuro cercano o el convencimiento de que algo va a pasar.

 

It's going to be a great day.

Va a ser un día genial (tengo la certeza).

 

Be going to forma afirmativa

 

Forma larga Forma corta
I am going to do I'm going to do
You are going to do You're going to do
He is going to do He's going to do
She is going to do She's going to do
It is going to do It's going to do
We are going to do We're going to do
You are going to do You're going to do
They are going to do They're going to do

 

La traducción al español sería: "Yo voy a hacer", "tú vas a hacer", "él va a hacer"...

 

Be going to forma negativa

Sujeto + presente de "to be" + not + going + to v. en infinitivo + ...

 

Forma larga Forma corta
I am not going to do I'm not going to do
You are not going to do You're not going to do You aren't going to do
He is not going to do He's not going to do He isn't going to do
She is not going to do She's not going to do She isn't going to do
It is not going to do It's not going to do It isn't going to do
We are not going to do We're not going to do We aren't going to do
You are not going to do You're not going to do You aren't going to do
They are not going to do They're not going to do They aren't going to do

 

Be going to formas interrogativas

 

Afirmativo

Presente del verbo "to be" + sujeto + going to + verbo en infinitivo + .... ?

 

Negativo

Forma larga Presente del verbo "to be" + sujeto + not + going +to + verbo en infinitivo +... ?
Forma corta Presente del verbo "to be" en negativo forma corta + sujeto + going + to + verbo en infinitivo +... ?

Ejemplo:

 

Afirmativo Negativo
Am I going to do? Am I not going to do?
Are you going to do? Are you not going to do? Aren't you going to do?
Is he going to do? Is he not going to do? Isn't he going to do?
Is she going to do? Is she not going to do? Isn't she going to do?
Is it going to do? Is it not going to do? Isn't it going to do?
Are we going to do? Are we not going to do? Aren't we going to do?
Are you going to do? Are you not going to do? Aren't you going to do?
Are they going to do? Are they not going to do? Aren't they going to do?

 

Ejercicios con be going to

 

Escribe el verbo entre paréntesis en la forma be going to en afirmativo o negativo, según corresponda.

 

1 Lucy is very good at science. She (study) medicine.

is going to study

2 Jane and Tom love travelling. They (take) a sabbatical year to travel around the world.

are going to take

3 Your son (not go) to university?

Is your son not (Isn't your son) going to go

4 We (wear)  a dress for the wedding.

are going to wear

5 What (you do) this weekend?

are you going to do

6 They (not visit) us this summer.

are not (aren't) going to visit

7 We hope he (have) a new job soon.

's/is going to have

8 You/not (do) something you don't like?

are you not (aren't you) going to do

9 Do you think I (be) good at that?

I'm (am) going to be

10 It's very sunny, we (not need)  the sunglasses?

are we not (aren't we) going to need

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