'Be going to'

El verbo "to be going to" equivale a "ir a hacer algo". Su estructura en la oración es:

El verbo que se conjuga es "to be" y tiene que concordar en tiempo y persona con el sujeto.

To be + going + to + Verbo (en infinitivo)

She is going to do the shopping.

Ella va a hacer las compras.

Usos de "to be going to"

 1  Se usa el futuro con "be going to" para expresar acciones futuras ya planeadas (pero que no forman parte de un programa establecido).

I am going to buy a new house.

Voy a comprarme una casa nueva (tengo la intención de hacerlo).

The movie will start at 10 o'clock.

La peli empezará a las 10 (está programado).

 2  Con "be going to" se indica sobre todo la intención de hacer algo en un futuro cercano o el convencimiento de que algo va a pasar.

It´s going to be a great day.

Va a ser un día genial (tengo la certeza).

Afirmativo

Forma largaForma corta
I am going to doI'm going to do
You are going to doYou're going to do
He is going to doHe's going to do
She is going to doShe's going to do
It is going to doIt's going to do
We are going to doWe're going to do
You are going to doYou're going to do
They are going to doThey're going to do

La traducción al español sería: "Yo voy a hacer", "tú vas a hacer", "él va a hacer"...

Negativo

Sujeto + presente de "to be" + not + going + to v. en infinitivo + ...

Forma largaForma corta
I am not going to doI'm not going to do 
You are not going to doYou're not going to do You aren't going to do
He is not going to doHe's not going to doHe isn't going to do
She is not going to doShe's not going to doShe isn't going to do
It is not going to doIt's not going to doIt isn't going to do
We are not going to doWe're not going to doWe aren't going to do
You are not going to doYou're not going to doYou aren't going to do
They are not going to doThey're not going to doThey aren't going to do

Interrogativo

Afirmativo

Presente del verbo "to be" + sujeto + going to + verbo en infinitivo + .... ?

Negativo

Forma largaPresente del verbo "to be" + sujeto + not + going +to + verbo en infinitivo +... ?
Forma cortaPresente del verbo "to be" en negativo forma corta + sujeto + going + to + verbo en infinitivo +... ?

Ejemplo:

AfirmativoNegativo
Am I going to do?Am I not going to do? 
Are you going to do?Are you not going to do?Aren't you going to do?
Is he going to do?Is he not going to do?Isn't he going to do?
Is she going to do?Is she not going to do?Isn't she going to do?
Is it going to do?Is it not going to do?Isn't it going to do?
Are we going to do?Are we not going to do?Aren't we going to do?
Are you going to do?Are you not going to do?Aren't you going to do?
Are they going to do?Are they not going to do?Aren't they going to do?

Ejercicios

Escribe el verbo marcado en verde en la forma be going to en afirmativo o negativo, según corresponda.

1 Lucy is very good at science. She study medicine.

is going to study

2 Jane and Tom love travelling. They take a sabbatical year to travel around the world.

are going to take

3 Your son/not go to university?

Is your son not (Isn´t your son) going to go

4 We wear a dress for the wedding.

are going to wear

5 What you/do this weekend?

are you going to do

6 They not visit us this summer.

are not (aren't) going to visit

7 We hope he have a new job soon.

's/is going to have

8 You/not do something you don´t like?

are you not (aren't you) going to do

9 Do you think I / be good at that?

I'm (am) going to be

10 It´s very sunny, we/not need the sunglasses?

are we not (aren't we) going to need

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