Pasado simple del verbo 'to be'

Afirmativo

I was
You were
He was
She was
It was
We were
You were
They were

La forma afirmativa del pasado no se puede contraer.

Ejemplos

I was sleepyEstaba adormilado
She was wrongEstaba equivocada
We were happyÉramos felices
They were teachersEran profesores

Negativo

Sujeto + was/were + not + ...

Forma largaForma corta
I was notI wasn´t
You were notYou weren´t
He was notHe wasn´t
She was notShe wasn´t
It was notIt wasn´t
We were notWe weren´t
You were notYou weren´t
They were notThey weren´t

La forma negativa se puede contraer.

Ejemplos

I wasn´t marriedNo estaba casada
It was not windyNo hacía viento
We were not youngNo éramos jóvenes
You weren´t our lawyersNo érais nuestros abogados

Interrogativo

Was/Were + Sujeto + ...?

AfirmativoNegativo
Was I...?Was I not...? 
Were you...?Were you not...?Weren´t you...?
Was he...?Was he not...?Wasn´t he...?
Was she...?Was she not...?Wasn´t she...?
Was it...?Was it not...?Wasn´t it...?
Were we...?Were we not...?Weren´t we...?
Were you...?Were you not...?Weren´t you...?
Were they...?Were they not...?Weren´t they...?

Ejemplos

Was I late?¿Llegaba tarde?
Weren´t you 18 years old?¿No tenías 18 años?
Why wasn´t she here?¿Por qué no estaba aquí?
Were they not afraid?¿No tenían miedo?

Para los demás tiempos verbales 'to be' se comporta como un verbo ordinario.

I have been a good friend (Present Perfect).

I am being very patient (Present continuous).

I will be your wife (Future).

I can be your friend (con un verbo modal).

Ejercicios

1 Completa las siguientes oraciones con el pasado simple del verbo to be en forma afirmativa.

1 They very happy.

They were very happy.

2 I very angry.

I was very angry.

3 My friend Tom in New York last summer.

My friend Tom was in New York last summer.

2 Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contraída del verbo to be en pasado y en forma negativa.

4 You at school last Monday.

You weren't at school last Monday.

5 He fifteen years old.

He wasn't fifteen years old.

6 Our houses very old.

Our houses weren't very old.

3 Completa las siguientes oraciones con el pasado del verbo to be en interrogativa afirmativa.

7 she a beatiful girl?

Was she a beatiful girl?

8 Where my car?

Where was my car?

4 Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contraída del verbo to be en pasado interrogativa.

9 we here last holidays?

Weren't we here last holidays?

10 it a nice present?

Wasn't it a nice present?

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Rodriguo

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