Estructura del presente simple negativo de to have

La estructura del presente o simple present del verbo to have en forma negativa es igual que cualquier verbo del presente simple en forma negativa:

SUJETO + VERBO AUXILIAR CONJUGADO (DO, DOES) + AUXILIAR NEGATIVO (NOT) + VERBO INFINITIVO

Si usamos la contracción do + not, tenemos don't, y con does not, tenemos doesn't.

El auxiliar debe concordar con el sujeto, mientras el verbo se queda en infinitivo.

En inglés británico es frecuente utilizar la forma contraída haven't o hasn't mientras que el inglés americano utiliza la forma don't have o doesn't have.

Ejemplos

1 I do not (don't) have to walk to school.
No necesito ir a la escuela andando.

2 I do not (don't) have a diary. I haven't got a diary.

No tengo diario.

3 I do not (don't) have a swimming pool near my house. I haven't got a swimming pool near my house.

No tengo piscina cerca de mi casa.

Forma largaForma corta
I do not haveI don't haveI haven't
You do not haveYou don't haveYou haven't
He does not haveHe doesn't haveHe hasn't
She does not haveShe doesn't haveShe hasn't
It does not haveIt doesn't haveIt hasn't
We do not haveWe don't haveWe haven't
You do not haveYou don't haveYou haven't
They do not haveThey don't haveThey haven't

Ejemplos

I don't have moneyNo tengo dinero
You do not have any sistersNo tienes hermanas
He doesn't have any time for meNo tiene tiempo para mi
She does not have any friendsNo tiene amigos
It doesn't have chocolate in itNo tiene chocolate
We do not have motorbikesNo tenemos motos
You don't have petsNo tenéis mascotas
They don't have dressesNo tienen vestidos

 

Ejercicios del presente simple negativo

1 Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma larga del verbo to have en presente simple negativo.

1 She breakfast at nine o'clock.

She does not have breakfast at nine o'clock.

2 Our new friend Mike blue eyes.

does not have

3 I a pen.

I do not have a pen.

4 We red flowers in our garden.

We do not have red flowers in our garden.

5 My car four doors.

My car does not have four doors.

2 Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma corta del verbo to have en presente simple negativo.

6 My dogs any milk.

My dogs don't have any milk.

7 They any money.

They don't have any money.

8 My mother a computer.

My mother doesn't have a computer.

9 I a brother.

I don't have a brother.

10 My friend Lucy much spare time.

My friend Lucy doesn't have much spare time.

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Rodriguo

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